Knowing that Christ secured an eternal redemption will prompt most to ask for whom did Christ secure redemption for? This is where most people start to fall off the boat. If Christ secured a real eternal redemption, not a hypothetical one, then this redemption secured one of the following. Either Jesus Christ redeemed all men from their sins. Or, secondly, Christ made redemption possible and this word secure is not as strong as the author uses it here. Or, thirdly, Christ actually secured redemption for those who the Father gave to Him (see John 6:39-40).
We can with one accord deny the first option that Christ redeemed all men. This is a teaching known as universalism which is not found in scripture. Second the view that Christ made redemption possible does not coincide with the word secured. If something is still in the realm of possibility there is nothing secure about it because there is still an impossibility associated with it.
As we read on in this passage it teaches us that the eternal redemption is for those to whom Christ was given by the Father. In verse 15 the author states that those who are called receive the eternal inheritance. Why can they receive this? In the verse we see a death has occurred that redeems from transgressions that were committed under the first covenant. A death occurred and this death redeemed. This is a done deal because Christ secured an eternal redemption.
Who are the called? If we go to Romans 8:28 and following we see the word called a few times. First in verse 28 we see that all things work together for good to those who are called according to His purpose. Who are the called in this instance? We find the answer in verse 29, they are those predestined to be conformed to the image of Christ. So the called refers to believers, those who were predestined to come to Christ before the foundation of the world. In verse 30 we see that the called are those who are justified and glorified. This is for those who come to faith in Christ. These are the ones we see in John 6:39-40 where all the Father gives to Jesus will not be lost, verse 39, and the ones who were given to Him were those who come to faith.
The called are those who were given to Christ by the Father. We know that not all people were not given to Christ, because not all come to faith in Him, and apart from the work of the Spirit none of us can. The eternal redemption was secured for those who were given to Christ. So the redemption is particular or definite because it actually secured it and did not merely make it possible.
As the chapter closes out we see that Christ offered Himself for the sins of many, in verse 28 The many are the called.
Some may read the preceding and be a little turned off or put off by this. That is fine. Some will ask why evangelize if the scripture teach Christ secured salvation for some and not all? The response to this is evangelism has its most power with a redemption that actually redeems. The scriptures teach that Christ died for sinners. Christ paid an actual redemption for sinners. Therefore we can boldly take the gospel of Jesus to sinners because this is what the scriptures teach. The atonement does not become powerful when a sinner comes to faith in Christ. The atonement is powerful therefore sinners can come to faith in Christ. The atonement purchases faith, faith does not make actual the atonement.
If you read this and are asking “how do I know if Christ redeemed me?”. The answer to you is come. You are a sinner and Christ died to secure atonement, redemption, for sinners. His yoke is easy, come learn from Him, come follow Him, repent of your sin, and Christ will be your Lord and Savior.